Arnica is name of the plant of the Asteraceae (Compositae) family. As a medicinal plant it is known for a long time – according to some sources in Europe it is used starting from the XI century. Arnica grows in most of the European countries with a temperate climate, as well as in Russia, Canada and the United States of America.
The flowers and roots of Arnica are widely used as raw materials in the pharmaceutical and chemical industries of arnica. As spice it is used in the distillery industry. Besides it is used as an ornamental plant.
The most valuable component of the plant is an essential oil. It has a huge number of esters, formic acid, caproic, isobutyric acid and angelic, and florol, hexilkapronat.
Arnica flowers are rich in:
This is a partial list of active biological substances contained in the plant. In its rhizomes were found resin, bitter and tannins in the leaves and – arnicolids.
Due to its ingredients arnica has hemostatic, anti-inflammatory, astringent, bactericidal, tonic – in small doses (in large doses – depresses the central nervous system), vasodilator, diuretic, diaphoretic action.
Therefore, in folk medicine it is used to treat many illnesses: diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, gynecological problems, flu, bronchitis, abrasions, rheumatism, neuralgia, ulcers, bruises, gout, myocarditis, cardio. Expressed positive result is observed in strong concussion and epilepsy. As you can see, the pharmacological properties of arnica are very diverse.
Such unique plant as arnica has found its application in cosmetology. Cosmetics based on the medicinal properties of arnica, is considered an effective anti-inflammatory agent for skin care. The structure of arnica includes arnitsin, which is recognized as a basic substance that increases the skin’s resistance to negative factors. Thanks to vitamins and antioxidants, being part of arnica, cosmetics based on it is used as a powerful anti-aging and excellent anti-bacterial agent.
A decoction of arnica flowers is used for the care of problem skin, especially having various defects: acne, pimples, redness. Therefore, arnica is often included in the composition of cosmetics for young skin care, prone to various inflammations. It relieves toothache, heals cuts, bruises, ulcer formation, used in the treatment for psoriasis, eczema, dermatitis).Arnica is a highly important element in body psoriasis treatment.
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