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What is atopic dermatitis?

atopic dermatitis childAtopic dermatitis treatment

...And how to find the right atopic dermatitis treatment?

Atopic dermatitis (neurodermatitis) is a recurrent disease, the main symptoms of which are skin inflammation and severe itching. The disease occurs because of an inadequate response of the immune system to external and internal stimuli: sunlight, hypothermia, concomitant diseases. The disease is often combined with bronchial asthma, allergic rhinitis and hay fever and this is why is hard to detect which makes the search for atopic dermatitis treatment more complicated.

Atopic dermatitis is a hereditary chronic disease with frequent exacerbations, especially in the cold season. Most often atopic dermatitis is manifested in early childhood - from 6 to 12 months, a little less often - from 1 to 5 years. In young children, atopic dermatitis is manifested as childhood eczema. The disease possessing the symptoms of atopic dermatitis was first described in 1844 thereby giving the answer for: "What is atopic dermatitis?" The year in question also marked the discovery of the first atopic dermatitis treatment.

This disease is very common as it affects up to 12% of people in the world. In last decades the increase in the incidence of atopic dermatitis as well as atopic dermatitis in adults has risen sharply, and at the same time its course and outcome have become more frequent, therefore it is important to be familiar with the symptoms of this disease and have the answer for "What is atopic dermatitis?" so that you can choose the right atopic dermatitis treatment for you.

Symptoms of atopic dermatitis

- Skin swelling. This can happen when the skin is scratched or if there is an infection.

- The skin becomes scaly and dry, red and itchy.

- Thick skin.

- Red plaques emerge on the hands, feet, ankles, wrists, neck, chest and knees, on the eyelids, and on the elbows. The young children often have plaques on the head and face.

- Itching is strongly expressed, especially at night.

Most people suffering from atopic dermatitis, namely atopic dermatitis in adults also have the bacterium of Staphylococcus aureus on their skin. The bacteria rapidly multiply if the skin barrier is defective and if there is liquid. This can also aggravate symptoms, especially in small children for whom atopic dermatitis treatment is most difficult to find.

Causes of Atopic Dermatitis

The question following "What is atopic deramtitis?" is "What causes causes atopic dermatitis?:

- Heredity. Many people already have a genetic predisposition gained with birth to the development of atopic dermatitis. Hereditary factor of transmission of this disease is very high among family members, so if close relatives suffer from bronchial asthma, various types of dermatitis, allergic rhinitis, then the probability of developing this disease in children is 50%, and if both parents suffer from atopic dermatitis, in 80% of cases children will inherit predisposition for it. The greatest probability of this disease emergence is in the first 5 years of life of the child. This genetic predisposition is often transmitted through maternal line. If someone in the family suffers from allergis, then you need to be very careful with your child. It is important to monitor your child“s hygiene, quality of nutrition, living conditions. It is necessary to exclude all possible factors that increase the risk of the allergic reaction to surrounding irritants called atopic dermatitis. Otherwise, no atopic dermatiting treatment will be helpful.

- A special characteristic of the properties of the skin, known as hyperactivity, can also lead to the development of atopic dermatitis. Children diathesis can appear as a result of touching toys of poor-quality materials, etc.

- Stressful situations and nervous breakdowns often lead to a decrease in the immune defense of the human body. And this can contribute to the development of such a disease as atopic dermatitis.

- Adverse environmental factors - air pollution, water pollution;

- Unbalanced and harmful nutrition - fast food, the use of a large number of preservatives, artificial, chemized food, pesticides and nitrates, hormones and antibiotics in meat products;

- Growth in the number of drug-resistant infectious diseases;

- Lack of regular physical activity in the open air.

Allergens can become the causes of atopic dermatitis, e.g. home dust that is detrimental due to the most common allergens - mites as well as pets and their wool, fish food, mats for chinchillas, contact with synthetic materials, as well as drastic climate change, humidity and air temperature. This means that it's necessary to eradicate the factors causing allergies during atopic dermatitis treatment. Allergies to medications are often a provoking factor for dermatits development, especially a strong allergic reaction can be triggered by antibiotics, anesthetics, vitamins, etc., any pharmaceutical can cause an inadequate response in people prone to allergic manifestations.

Types of atopic dermatitis

Considering the age the disease manifests itself at, there are three types of atopic dermatitis: infant, child and adolescent-adult. All of them have a common symptom - severe itching of the skin.

Infant type of atopic dermatitis is observed approximately from the second month and up to two years. Amid parents and pediatricians, this stage is more often called diathesis. At this stage dermatitis most often emerges on the face, the folds of the limbs, often spreads throughout the body, but also on the buttocks and the scalp. It first appears as redness and light rashes but due to the affected areas getting wet, swelling and crusts also appear.

Children type of neurodermatitis is manifested in the period from 2 to 12 years. Red spots and papules are located in the skin folds, on the folding surfaces, fingers, the back of the hands. The skin becomes dry, and what happens next is the emergence of a pattern and cracks. At this age there is also a so-called "atopic face": the skin has a dull color, pigmentation around the eyes intensifies, an extra fold appears on the lower eyelid.

Adolescent type is characterized by a rather changeable course, when the disease can subside or become aggravated. Basically, the cessation of rashes activity is observed in yong men, although they are more prone to atopic dermatitis. The exacerbation of the disease manifests itself as lesion zone expansion, when the rashes cover the décolleté area, wrists, ulnar fossae and very severely affect the face and neck. The latte symptom is known by the name "red face syndrome". In adulthood atopic dermatitis is mainly chronic, exacerbations are rare. Eruptions are localized on the facial skin, neck, chest, back, feet and hands. The skin is dry and affected by cracks and it can also be thickened with a bigger pattern.

The course of atopic dermatitis has two forms:

1. limited form that presupposes one lesion;

2. diffuse form, in which there are several inflamed skin areas.

Depending on the nature of the lesion, there are 5 forms of the disease:

1. The exudative form is manifested with local redness, swelling of the skin and the formation of small vesicles, from which a liquid is released, after drying, forming a crust. Primary lesions occur on the face, gradually spreading throughout the body. The intensity of itching is average. Most often this form of atopic dermatitis occurs in newborns and children below two years.

2. Erythematous squamous form: large foci of redness develop on the skin with a small rash that rises above the surface of the skin and scales. There is severe itching, local lesions often merge into large areas with weakly confined margins.

3. Erythematous-squamous form with lichenization: the skin becomes thicker, coarser, forms of hyperpigmentation and crusts at the border with healthy tissues. Due to severe itching, multiple brushes are observed with strong peeling.

4. Pruriginous form is characterized by severe itching and rash in the form of small bubbles protruding on the skin. Lesions are prone to fusion, localized on the extensor surfaces of the limbs.

5. The lichenoid form develops after the mergence of a large number of elements into several large foci, which are gray in color and later covered with crusts. Characteristic symptoms are represented by strong peeling of the affected area, constant itching that make the patient comb the foci of inflammation;

Where is atopic dermatitis manifested?

In young children signs of atopic dermatitis appear on the face, elbows or knees and possibly on other areas of the skin.

In older children and adults (atopic dermatitis in adults), the rash often appears in the popliteal areas, on the inner surfaces of the elbows, on the lateral surface of the neck, on the wrists, ankles, hands and face.

During exacerbations of atopic dermatitis, lesions tend to reappear on the same parts of the body, however, depending on the age of the child, the place of manifestation of the disease signs may change.

Atopic dermatitis treatment

  1. The faster the disease treatment is chosen after the diagnosis has been confirmed, the greater the chance of achieving a stable remission it. The treatment has to be conducted complexially and under the supervision of a dermatologist: frequent relapses and serious complications are possible. Complex treatment of dermatitis includes:

  2. Detecting the allergence that cause exacerbation, and prevention of contact with them as well as treatment of concomitant diseases. Otherwise the rash will occur again and again, exert its influence on the skin and spoil it with its own traces. If allergies are caused by animals, dust and plants, it is necessary to minimize the child's contact with them, and if possible, exclude altogether. Carpets, books and many of soft toys should not be in the child's bedroom, it is also recommended to replace woolen blankets and feather pillows for synthetic ones. With regard to animal wool and plant pollen, care should be taken to ensure that the child has contacts with these allergens as little as possible

  3.  At the beginning of the flowering season, it“s advisable to use special nasal sprays and other drugs will but they should be prescribed by the doctor which has to be based on individual characteristics. It“s a little easier with food allergens since the lunch menu can be adjusted. Since overeating influences stagnation in intestines because of toxins which are transitted with sweat and urine. Sweat irritates the skin and causes inflammation.

  4. Drug therapy. During exacerbation periods atopic dermatitis is treated with ointments that eliminate itching and inflammation.

  5.  Diet. Since exacerbation is often provoked by food, patients who suffer from atopic dermatitis are prescribed a hypoallergenic diet. The list of prohibited products is compiled by the doctor for each patient individually.

  6.  Immunostimulants and vitamins. Patients with atopic dermatits are often diagnosed with hypovitaminosis and decreased immunity. During exacerbation periods the use of adaptogens and immunocorrectors is recommended. Vitamin therapy should be carried out 3-4 times a year. Therapy should be agreed with the physician as some components of the drugs can cause allergies.

       7. Work and rest regime. Patients must adhere to a strict regime, do sports, avoid stress and overworking. It“s recommended to take regular walks in the fresh air, undergo      physiotherapy and sanatorium treatment

PsoEasy natural atopic dermatitis treatment

1.PsoEasy Active Cream - the active cream can be applied two or three times a day to the whole body surface and the face. To conduct effective atopic dermatitis treatment it is recommended to use a thin layer if the facial skin is very irritated. The uniqueness of our cream is that it is completely absorbed by the skin and leaves no oily feeling and no bad smell, as many of the similar products do. This allows you to put clothes at once after using the cream without a concern it might stain clothes which is a common problem with comparable products. 

2. Before going to sleep it is recommended to use the PsoEasy Mild natural oil which contains many essential oils.

3. Bathing and hygiene: use the oil every time you take a shower or bath. This is recommended for both children and adults (in case of atopic dermatitis in adults)

4. Use the cream daily for at least 2 weeks.

General recommendations for patients

- The home air temperature should not exceed + 23 ° C, and the relative humidity should be at least 60%.

- It“s advisable to remove all the dust collectors you can dispense with from the room : large carpets, terry blankets, soft toys, book collections. Daily wet cleaning is necessary.

- Nowadays good-quality pillows and blankets made of artificial materials are produced which should be used instead of old bedding made of fluff, wool and feathers.

- There shouldn“t be any mold in the house. Patients need to monitor the the seams condition in the bathroom, the wallpaper in the corners of the room, to get rid of spoiled products as soon as they expire.

- If the reason for disease exacerbation is animal hair, then it is necessary to find the pets a new house as soon as possible. The same can be done to the house plants.

- Detergents, washing powders, solvents, glues are all strong irritants and contact with them must be minimized.

- One had better dress in cotton clothes, try to avoid wearing clothes items made of wool or synthetic fabric.

- Preparations consisting of plants or bee products can be allergens for an individual patient. Therefore, you need to consult a specialist before starting to take them.

- It is important to avoid excessive physical and emotional stress. Try not to get nervous about things as well as get into stressful situations.

- Use for washing and bathing hypoallergenic soap only, high-quality shampoo without perfumes, dyes and preservatives.

- The washcloth should be soft  skin when rubbing it.

- After taking a bath or shower, you need to use the cream that moisturizes the skin (it should also not contain colorants and perfumes).

- Cosmetics should be used with great caution. Cosmetics selection should be handled by a qualified dermatologist.

Memo to parents

- Expanding the baby's diet, never introduce two new products at once.

- Having introduced a new product, wait a week. If no reaction followed, you can try giving another one.

- If the baby is breastfed, the mother should exclude salty, spicy, smoked, totally restrict sugar, chocolate and honey from their diet.

- Children with diathesis need to change diapers and swaddle blanckets more often. They are contraindicated with oilcloth, synthetic and woolen clothes. Clothing should be made of soft, well-breathable fabrics that don“t tighten the skin too much.

- Since excessive sweating can irritate the skin, you need to monitor the physical activity of the child and change the clothes when needed.

- Children with diathesis are more prone to catching colds than their peers who have no skin problems. Therefore, it“s necessary to accommodate them to harsh weather , they should spend a lot of time in the open air but during epidemic seasons it“s recommended to avoid crowded places as it may aggravate the disease and get in the way of your atopic dermatitis treatment.

Atopic dermatitis diet

Following a correct diet is very important for atopic dermatitis treatment as the diet detremines the patient“s health condition. If the allergen hasn't been determined yet, a special diet will be an excellent solution for maintaining a good body condition. During an exacerbation the diet should be followed especially rigidly as this is one of the main princliples of effective atopic dermatitis treatment and, if there are no exacerbations, it can be a little expanded in order not to let some neurotic condition affect your child who is wondering: «Why is everything forbidden for me to eat?» whereas parents torture themselves with the quetion: "What is atopic dermatitis and how to treat it?"

Excluded products

- citrus fruits;

- nuts;

- seafood;

- fish;

- chocolate;

- coffee;

- mustard;

- spices;

- mayonnaise;

- tomatoes;

- eggplants;

- red pepper;

- milk;

- eggs;

- mushrooms;

- sausages;

- wieners;

- carbonated drinks;

- strawberries;

- watermelons;

- pineapples;

- honey;

- alcohol.

Products allowed to consume

- boiled beef;

- cereals and vegetable soups;

- vegetarian soups;

- olive oil;

- sunflower oil;

- boiled potatoes;

- buckwheat and rice porrigeas well as oatmeal;

- fermented milk products;

- cucumbers;

- parsley;

- dill;

- apples;

- cookies

- tea;

- sugar;

- bran or whole grain bread;

- apple dries fruits compote (except raisins);

- bio-yogurt without additives;

- one-day curds;

- yogurt.

Concoctions should be aquatically and thermally processed. The water used for cooking must be clean, no tap water should be used. During meal consumtion no overreating is allowed so it is better to eat less but more often in order to make your atopic dermatitis treatment more effective. This is very important for children. If a child is on artificial feeding, you shouldn“t pour a lot of mixture into the bottle at once, it's better to split the portion into several times. Pediatricians knowingly assert that thin children are less exposed to atopic dermatitis than overweight which makes it easier to choose the right atopic dermatitis treatment for them.

Mom's atopic dermatitis diet

The mother“s diet should be compiled as competently as that of a child. Even if a woman does not suffer from atopic dermatitis and has never had any signs of this disease, it is still very important to follow a diet because of the possibility of inheriting the ailment from some far relative you don't even know about. The food allergens contraindicated for atopists must be also avoided by moms and consumed as little as possible extent by pregnant women.