It has long been known that no living being can survive without water for a long time. First of all, lack of water in humans is manifested through body weakening and external symptoms include unhealthy, dull hair, dry body skin. This body condition brings a strong discomfort in a medical and aesthetic sense. So, let’s familiarize with dehydration symptoms, the causes of its emergence, diagnosis and dry skin treatment as well as the other aspects that will help obtain beautiful, elastic, glossy skin.
Skin is one of the most important parts of our body. But if you have dry itchy skin, it can bring about a feeling of horniness and denseness, it can redden, flake and itch. There are several things that cause dry ichy skin on the face and understanding these causes of dry skin will help find appropriate solutions.
Among the symptoms of dry skin are the following:
1. Pigmented spots, their rapid neoplasm.
2. Peeling, exfoliation of flakes, emergence of cracks.
3. Basically no visible pores.
4. Skin roughness is felt to the touch.
5. Discomfort and very strong dryness in flexion and friction places (for example, on the knees, elbows, on the fingers)
6. There is often itching and burning on the skin, especially after contact with water
7. After evening washing there is a persistent feeling of tension.
Doctors distinguish two types of dry skin:
- A good tone dryness: the skin is susceptible to irritants, there is a possibility of itching emergence however it is elastic enough, matte, smooth, with little amount of wrinkles. This condition requires regular care, protection from UV radiation, otherwise it loses its tone very soon. Most often observed in young people.
- With low tone - very thin around the eyes and on nasolabial folds area, it also triggers quick wrinkles formation. Such type of skin is difficult to effect by regular cosmetics you which is why one needs to undergo more complicated procedures.
For determining which type of dry itchy skin you have,you need to press your skin layer and if the recesses are smoothed out at once, then you are lucky - you are not in the risk group.
If a patient wants to know how to get rid of dry itchy skin, they have to be familiar with the factors causing this condition. There are many internal and external causes of dry skin, and all of them accelerate the process of dehydration of the skin. The degree of the skin dryness depends on the number and intensity of these factors.
External causes of dry skin
All external causes of dry skin worsen the condition of the natural lipid surface skin barrier. After this lipid layer excites, moisture transpires very quickly and the vital substances connecting water atoms are easily washed out. When there are no such natural moisturizing factors, the skin can not contain enough water and becomes dry until they restore, and the lipid barrier on the surface does not resume. If the dry skin is not treated with moisturizers that contain moisturizing factors, dryness can go deeper in the skin and disrupt moisturizing system in the deeper layers of the skin. The natural ascending moisture flow to the upper layers decreases, which leads to the development of excessively dry skin.
The main external cause sof dry skin are environmental conditions and incorrect skin care procedures. Skin is very often exposed to these external causes of dryness:
• Severe weather conditions - heat, cold and dry air.
• Seasonal changes - dry skin symptoms are most common in the winter and summer months.
• Ultraviolet (UV) sun rays can accelerate the aging of the skin, and with age, the skin becomes more prone to dryness.
• Frequent washing or prolonged hot baths or showers remove the lipid layer, which forms a protective skin barrier.
• Incorrect daily skin care - it is important to follow the instructions and use products that are suitable for dry skin. It is especially important not to use strong soaps that erase the natural lipids of the skin.
The use of medications
Some medications have the side effects of changing water balance in the skin. As you know, diuretic drugs that control blood pressure have this drawback. Always consult a doctor or pharmacist if you are worried that the treatment may lead to dry skin.
Internal causes of dry skin
Each person has a unique set of genes that determine skin characteristics, pigment in particular, moisture and lipid levels. This means that under the same conditions, different people will have different moisture and lipid levels in the skin. Light-skinned people are more often diagnosed with skin dryness than people with a darker skin shade. In addition, such disease as diseasesatopic dermatitis, psoriasis, diabetes mellitus and ichthyosis are often, but not always, determined by heredity.
The balance of moisture in the skin can be disturbed if the level of hormones in the blood changes, for example, during adolescence and during menopause. During menopause, the amount of estrogen in the body decreases, and this can lead to dry skin. Dry skin can also develop during pregnancy.
The ability of the skin to produce sweat and lipids decreases with age, which is associated with a decrease in the function of the sebaceous and sweat glands. With age, the skin becomes more prone to dryness, which leads to the emergence of fine lines and wrinkles. Learn more about the dry itchy skin associated with age.
Premature aging of the skin
Aging of the skin occurs naturally. Nevertheless, significant exposure to ultraviolet (UV) rays can accelerate skin aging, leading to premature appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.
For normal functioning, the skin needs a number of nutrients, unsaturated fatty acids and vitamins. The absence of any of this can lead to dry itchy skin.
In addition to the main causes of dry skin, the degree of its dryness is affected by several other factors. Understanding this will help avoid them, thereby reducing their influence.
Lack of effective care
If you do not take care of dry skin properly or use ineffective moisturizers, dry skin conditions may worsen, or improve to a very small extent. This is because the spread of dry itchy skin destroys the moisture system in deep skin layers which brings moisture to the upper layers.
Effect of sunlight
Prolonged exposure to sunlight can increase skin dryness. Therefore, it is important to choose a sunscreen that is designed for dry skin, containing moisturizing ingredients in addition to the appropriate sunscreen factor (SF). It is also important that the sunscreen, like any other dry skin care product, does not contain irritating perfumes and colorants since dry skin, especially on the face, is more prone to being irritated than normal.
Sometimes people are forced to be in conditions contributing to dry itchy skin. For example, playing sports in the street, gardening, picnics in cold conditions increase the risk of developing skin dryness.
The amount of moisture in the skin is related to the amount of water that the body can supply. Therefore, when the body is dehydrated, it is not able to supply sufficient water to the skin. People susceptible to dehydration are the elderly, as thirst decreases with age, and those who perform manual labor or a lot of physical exercise.
Toxins contained in cigarette smoke, nicotine in particular, can lead to a slowdown in blood flow. This leads to metabolic rate decrease in the skin. It can dry up and prematurely grow old.
When the skin of the face starts losing moisture, dryness can be manifested as:
Very dry skin
If you do not take care of dry skin at the initial stage, dryness can progress and then the skin becomes:
• Very dense
At this stage, fine lines formation accelerates the premature aging of the skin and the appearance of wrinkles. Dry skin can“t regulate its hydration. Internal and external factors can disrupt the ability of the skin to hydrate and lead to very severe skin dryness.
Sensitive dry itchy skin
When the skin becomes dry, it often gets more sensitive. However, the sensitivity of the skin is not always associated with dryness. Skin care products containing irritating ingredients such as flavors and colorants should always be avoided.
Where is dry itchy skin localized?
Patches of dry skin can occur on any part of the body, but most often they emerge on the hands, lower part of the legs and face. Dry areas of the skin are easier to feel than to discern, but in some people dry skin is very noticeable and looks unattractive. To solve the problem, you should try to change your lifestyle, diet and skin care rules. In most cases, these methods are effective.
Dry skin treatment
How to get rid of dry itchy skin totally depends on the primary cause and degree of development of a particular disease. If the cause of this symptom is a certain disease, first of all the appropriate therapy has to be conducted, and then the medical measures for symptoms elimination have to be taken. So, how to get rid of dry itchy skin? With established external etiological factors, the dry skin treatment program may include the following:
- Use of local remedies for the restoration of skin (ointment, cream, lotion); Vitamins;
- Selection of optimal cosmetics;
- Consultation with a cosmetologist;
- Diet normalization
- Sufficient fluid intake.
Besides, one should understand that in some cases dryness on the legs, hands or face skin can be triggered by psychological factors (frequent stress, prolonged nervous overstrain), so you should stabilize your psycho-emotional state. In this case even folk medicine dry skin treatment is possible but only after it has been agreed with the doctor as an addition to the main treatment course.
If dry flaky skin is caused by a climate change, frequent sun exposure or dry air in the house during the heating season, we recommend installing an air humidifier in the apartment. You can put a few vases with flowers or just vessels with water. It is better to set the air conditioner settings at 85% humidity in your car. Use moisturizing cream on a regular basis. Avoid direct contact with sunlight, conduct skin moisturizing cosmetic procedures which we will try to approach and describe further.
If such a peculiarity of the skin is observed in women who have entered the phase of menopause, they are often prescribed with substituting drugs that include hormones.
Xerosis is a symptom of a number of diseases that can be diagnosed by a doctor only, so it's advisable to consult a specialist and begin treatment at once, especially if:
1. Due to excessive dryness, sleep is disturbed.
2. There is reddening of the skin, itching.
3. There are ulcers, extensive scaly areas on the surface of the skin.
4. If the home dry skin treatment methods you tried did not bring the expected results.
One way or another, you need to see a doctor, do complex tests, undergo a detailed examination, find out why this happens. Such specialists as dermatologist, allergist, cosmetologist can offer their help in cases like this.
A necessary condition for caring for normal or dry skin is the use of a soft but effective skin cleaner, as well as in cases of acne prone skin and atopic dermatitis. The importance of well-arranged cleaning and moisturizing procedures for facial skin care can not be overrated since well-cleansed facial skin with an active surface barrier effectively absorbs and retains moisture.
PsoEasy natural dry skin treatment
- PsoEasy Cream helps in alleviating dry skin as well as psoriasis treatment and offers a very effective way of how to get rid of dry skin. It contains only natural ingredients, made from plant extracts and Dead Sea minerals. Light and very easy to use, PsoEasy Cream has a delicate flavor; it is quickly absorbed into the skin, leaving no stains on clothes.
- PsoEasy Soap differs from other soaps of high concentrations of essential oils. With a composition of Dead Sea minerals, it is hypoallergenic and does not cause side effects. It contains no steroids and other synthetic substances. It promotes skin cell renewal.
Usage directions: it is recommended to use cream and soap twice a day (morning and evening). First, clean your skin with PsoEasy soap. Let your skin dry. Then apply the PsoEasy Cream on your dy flaky skin. For best results, we recommend continuous use of the cream and soap for at least two weeks. Cream and soap are for external use only. Avoid the contact with the eyes.
Dry flaky skin prevention
In addition to thorough daily cleansing and moisturizing, it is very important to avoid factors that contribute to dry skin development. This will help alleviate the problem of dry flaky skin and reduce the need for dry skin treatment:
Avoid dry air by spending less time outdoors when it’s hot and arid or cold weather and use humidifiers if there heating switched on in the room.
Reduce the time spent under hot water by taking quick warm showers instead of long hot baths.
Use care products without flavors, dyes and parabens to avoid irritation.
Drink at least 2 liters of water a day. It should be clean. It’s better to drink mineral, non-carbonated water. You can add a few drops of fresh lemon juice to it.
Dry flaky skin is in great need of moisture, however the process of absorption of moisture is hardly conducted. Therefore, when taking a shower or bath, the water should be as cool as possible.
The skin should be regularly exposed to all stages of care: cleansing, toning, moisturizing (and in the evening there should be feeding). Use hand cream on a regular basis. All the products have to be qualitative and hypoallergenic as well as properly selected and dermatologically tested. The composition has to include useful microelements and vitamins, oil of any kind.
Dry itchy skin is very susceptible to irritant factors, so make sure that your cosmetics is not overdue, otherwise there may be allergic rashes and itching. Selection method will gradually help you choose the products that are right for you, to avoid components that are not suitable for your skin. Therefore, you have to read the product composition before buying it. “For dry and sensitive skin" marking does not mean that the product will not cause irritation and redness.
Nutrition has a huge impact on the skin condition. It has to be balanced and regular. It’s strongly recommended to have a full-fledged protein breakfast (about 35% protein should come with the first meal), lunch and dinner, as well as one or two snacks. A balanced diet combined with proper care can cope with dry itchy skin very effectively.
There is, of course, no restriction for consuming any products. However, you should limit the intake of coffee and products containing white sugar. The fact is that sugar get attached to protein molecules in blood and make collagen and elastin synthesis more difficult to be carried out. Therefore, with frequent use of sugar-containing products, the skin loses its tone, becomes less elastic and covered with small wrinkles. In dry skin, the epidermis is thin enough, with a small amount of sebaceous glands, so such changes become visually noticeable faster than on combination, oily and normal skin.
Coffee is a diuretic and helps remove fluid from the body, which is undesirable for women with dry skin. Therefore, the use of coffee and sugar should be limited to the largest degree. For coping with dry itchy skin it is also important to maintain water balance and drink 2.2 liters of pure water throughout the day.
The main "helpers" of dry skin: protein, vitamins A, C and E, polyunsaturated fatty acids Omega-3 and Omega-6 and vitamins of group B - they make up your diet and partially give you the answer for how to ge rid of dry skin. As a source of protein suitable, for example, lean meat (turkey, rabbit, chicken), soybeans, fish of fatty varieties (salmon, trout, mackerel, tuna). Products with vitamins A, C and E - this is carrots, pumpkin, broccoli, parsley, spinach, tomatoes. Salads are best dressed with olive oil since it contains vitamin E and useful fatty acids Omega-3 and Omega-6. Include in the diet nuts and flaxseed oil or flax seeds themselves, which can be added to salads or cereals. B vitamins are found in the liver (including fish - for example, cod), yolks, greens, dairy products.
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