Quite many people are forced to face eczema and look for the answers for "How to get rid of eczema?" and "What are the types of eczema?"
Eczema is a dermatological disease characterized by rash that is expressed by papules containing serous substance, swelling and itching of the affected skin areas. The types of eczema can manifest themselves through acute and chronic form. It also affects hands (eczema on hands), face, feet and develops cyclically with remissions. Eczema is likely to relapse. Skin rash and unpleasant feelings connected with them don’t only distort patients’ appearance and make them feel uncomfortable but can also noticeably worsen their mental state. Regarding the neuro-allergic nature of the disease, this merely aggravates the pathological process, slowing down recovery advancement. The techniques of treatment for various types of eczema includes different therapeutic ways from which the most effective ones are chosen for each particular case. According to the statistics, eczema affects 10 % of the world’s population. It affects all age groups but is most often diagnosed in women from 20 to 45.
Symptoms of eczema
- itching and red spots on the skin.
- the affected areas of the skin look very dry, thick and scaly.
- in people with light skin, the spots first become red and then dark red.
- in dark-skinned people, eczema can affect the pigmentation so that the affected skin areas can become either lighter or darker (sometimes looks like vitiligo).
In small children, eczema rash often becomes soggy. The horny skin is usually seen in the face and on the head, but the spots can emerge everywhere.
Eczema can be caused by an overactive reaction of the immune system to a stimulus.
Causes of eczema
Before asking yourself: "How to get rid of ezema?" and "What are the types of eczema?", start looking for the causes of your disease. Since eczema belongs to idiopatic conditions, the exact trigger of its emergence is hard to detect. There are, however, a few predisposing factors and being familiar with them give you the answer for how to get rid of eczema.
Endogenous causes of eczema:
- digestive system disorders (pancreatitis, tympanites, dysbacteriosis, hepatitis) and transit disorders (diarrhea, constipation);
- kidneys dysfunction, different kinds of nephrosis;
- genetic predisposition to atopic diseases;
- kinds of angioneurosis.
Exogenous causes of eczema:
- skin exposure to allergens, synthetic and aggressive chemicals, such as oil products, acids, alcohols, phenols and other irritants;
- UV lights impact, hypothermia, overheat and other climate changes;
- skin traumas, and peripheral nerves in particular
- allergic reactions to pharmaceuticals.
- nervous tension
All these factors make the skin hypersensitive to the effect produced by physical, chemical and other irritants.
The emergence of eczema is can also be triggered by the following pathologies:
- polyunsaturated fat acids omega-6 and omega-3 deficiency;
- kidneys dysfunction;
- avitamonisis, vitamin B6 deficiency;
- parasitical invasions — children are often diagnosed with pinworm invasions whereas vitamins assimilation and sensibilization dysfunctions in adults develops due to pinworm contraction.
- inflammatory diseases of pancrea and gallbladder;
- inherent and aquired (AIDS) immune system dysfunctions;
Eczema most often emegres on skin for no apparent reason. This is triggered by functional and metabolical connections of skin and inner organs. A large amount of toxines gets into human“s organism with food and they are normally discharged from the digestive system with feces or digested by the liver. If these organs can“t handle dealing with metabolites, the skin takes the whole process over. With course of time, poisonous substances constantly infiltrating skin layes produce a destructive effect on epithelium which is manifested through what we call eczema.
Types of eczema
According to the nature of rashes, there are two types of eczema:
Dry eczema — a type characterized by skin dryness, the emergence of cracks, small babbles or wet spots. It emerges on scalp (scalp eczema) , the inner part of elbows and the chest. This kind of the disesse if accompanied by severe itching and burning of the skin.
Weeping eczema — is characterized by severe skin reddening eczema rash with small bubbles or wet patches. It appears on scalp, on the inner side of elbows, knees and on chest. It usually accompanied by severe itching and itching and burning.
There is no general classification for eczema. However, there are clinical and pathogenetical peculiarities allowing to disarm the most widely spread eczema forms:
Idiopatic or classic eczema is characterized by rapid rashes for no apparent reason, the trigger mechanism of the disease is the contacting with the allergens, aggressive chemical substances at high sensabilization rate of the organism. This kind of the disease triggers the emergence of serous-containing papules, wet erosions, flakes and scales. All these symptoms may appear on the skin simoultaneously which is a typical sign of the type of eczema in question. One more peculiarity of classic eczema is symmetrical eczema rash ( if one hand is affected, the other one normally gets affected, too). This type of eczema is dependant on the season with exacerbation in fall and winter.
Types of classic eczema:
Children eczema — affects infants. It starts from affecting the face and then gradually transfers to the neck, chest and limbs. It often affects the infants fed artificially and children having genetical predisposition to bronchial asthma and other atopic conditions development.
Seborrheic eczema (scalp eczema) is provoked by fungi that parasitize on the scalp. Besides, seborrheic eczema can affect the skin patches having a large amount of sebaceous glands — face, armpits area. The disease develops without stage of wettening and is characterized by nodal rashes with scales, flakes and the formation of crusts.
Atopic eczema — is likely to be appear in people predisposed to allergic reactions. Its manifestation on the skin through bubbles, skin swelling and hyperemea starts after one contacts with allergens.
Professional eczema — is spread among chemical plants employees, cleaners and those who expose their skin to household chemical products, formaldehydes and coloring substances. The disease starts affecting the skin of the hands as it most often exposed to chemical irritants and then transfers to other parts of the body.
Microbial or fungi eczema emerges on skin areas with inflammatory processes that appear as a consequence of microbial or fungal infection. The disease predominantly affects skin areas with wounds, trophic ulcers and fistulas by triggering greenish or yellowish crusts. If crusts get damaged, then a wettening red area that can develop from periphery opens.
There are several types of microbal eczema:
Dyshidrotic eczema — appears as a consequense of the dysfunction of sweat glands and neuroendocrine regulation. Dyshidrotic eczema often affects people suffering from sole and palm hyperdriosis as well as those constantly having contact with aggresive chemicals due to their work. Rashes start with hands and then transfer to other body areas. They also emerge spontaneously after severe stressful situations or during hot periods of a year when human“s organism is at risk of being oveheated and disappear by themselves if there are no secondary infection complications.
Where does eczema emerge?
Eczema is a specific inflamation of upper skin layer (epidermis) that develops with slight periods of complications switching to short pemission periods.
Most often it emerges on the face, palms, fingers, soles and even ears. The disease affects the whole skin and sometimes leads to very severe states of erythroderma. Let“s get familiar with eczema localization peculiarities due to its types.
1) Idiopatic eczema on hands most often emerges on neck and soles.
2) Dyshidratic eczema is localized on palms and soles.
3) Integrated eczema affects various skin layers: pelvis, armpits, under the mammary glands, etc.
4) Seborrheic eczema mostly localizes on the areas with a big density of sebaceous glands — hairy area of the head (scalp psoriasis) and face (chin and under nose, armpits and pelvis)
4) Pruriginous eczema appears on the inner areas of the hands, face and pelvis.
5) Mycotic eczema appears on the bones or nails skin and if there is fungus, it can also emerge on the soles.
6) Horny eczema emerges on the palms and soles.
Microbial eczema often emerges on the periphery of shin trophic ulcers, on the areas of post-operational stump as well as areas with lesions and bruises. This is why eczema is frequently called a lesion disease.
Treatment for eczema
The treatment for eczema is chosen by the doctor specifically for each patient, taking into consideration the eczema type, the inflammatory process manifestation degree and the individual peculiarities of a patient. Best results are achived with a complex treatment for eczema
Complex treatment for eczema
Thinking of eczema as predominantly a skin disease is misleading and is not informative in how to get rid of eczema. Eczema is an outer sign of some serious problems inside a human's organism. That is why it's so important to detect and remove them.
While physiotherapy, topical medications, different sprays, oitments, creams for eczema are aimed at reducing the symptoms, the treatment for eczema can be full and consistent only if the causes have been diagnosed and the necessary measures have been taken. Besides, a complex treatment for eczema includes the following subpoints:
- hyposensitizing therapy;
- using antighistamine medications;
- severe forms of eczema presuppose prescpibtion of corticosteroid hormones
- it is recommended to take immune correctors
- during a severe form diuretics are prescribed;
- vitamins of group B;
- during complications periods one has to reduce contact with water;
- outer application: lotions, ointments, ketokonasol cream; potassium permanganat baths whih will make the bubbles open.
Overall treatment for eczema
In order to reduce and completely eliminate itching, a doctor may prescribe simple and anti-allergenic medicine.
In cases of severe and continuous eczema, doctors prescribe cortecosteroid medications, e.g. Dexamethasone and Prednizolon. These medicines are produced as pills and injections. They are also designed for treating strong lesions of big sizes on body skin.
Local treatment for eczema
For alleviating eczema characterized by wet lesions after bubbles are open, it is recommended to apply antiseptic solutions such as manganese or boric acid. These medications are applied to the skin with the help of lotions.
The basic preparations for treatment for eczema are hormonal medications, e.g. creams, ointments that contain corticosteroids in high amounts. These ointments are aimed at speeding skin healing and renovation and also to reduce inflammation. As usual, hormonal preparations are applied stricktly according to a doctor“s prescription, otherwise one may face strong side effects.
Non-hormonal topic inhibitors have proved to be great medications in treatment for eczema, too. They prove absolute efficiency in treating this disease, eliminate inflammation and itching.
Anti-fungal preparations and anti-biotics are prescribed in the cases of microbal eczema type.
Local therapy as well as monotherapy rarely leads to speedy recovery. Best results are gained after a complex treatment for eczema On the basis of survey results, local and overall treatments are prescribed. These treatments are targeted at relieving eczema and eliminating the factors bringing about emergence of the disease. It“s also advisable to conduct desensitization of the organism.
During disease exacerbation periods it“s necessary to follow a hypoallergenic diet.
One should also put on gloves when having contact with household chemicals and apply some cream afterwards.
Eczema treatment with folk methods
Describing folk methods for severe eczema, it is important to pay special attention to vegetable and etheric oils.
Among vegetable-derived oils the most effective are amarant, linen and sea-buckthorn oils, also wheat the oils of fetus, jojoba shea calendula, milk thistle, cesame, Greek nut, evening primpose, rose hips and black caraway.
Among etheric-derived there are the oils of lemon, tea tree, lavandula, rose and geranium, jasmine and mint, bergamot, ylang ylang, fir, patchuli, sandalwood and myrtle tree.
Many herbs are effective in eczema treatment since they strengthen the immune system, cleanse the organizm and possess nerve soothing and anti-allergic properties. Herb treatment for eczema traces its history back to ancient times when it started a few centuries ago. Furthermore, modern pharmaceutical products targeted at eliminating dermatoses in their majorityare based on folk healers“ recipes. There are many vegetable components possessing regenerative healing properties, however, only some of them are used in regenerative therapy:
chiccory. Celandine has been used as a profilactic herb for eczema for a very long time. It is applied to the skin for relieving ulcers, purulent lesions, lichens, acne and eczema. The most important celandine property is anti-itching.
Traditional medicine does not completely reject the treatment for eczema with folk remedies, but each recipe has to be agreed with the doctor. The treatment for eczema that is which one patient will benefit may cause side effects that will only worsen the condition of the other. This is why it is important to take the medications developed by pharmacists and dermatologists since their safe impact on human“s health has been proven by clinical studies.
PsoEasy natural treatment for eczema
PsoEasy offers natural treatment for eczema. For achieveing the best effect, you should use three natural products of the PsoEasy series - soap, cream and oil.
- PsoEasy active cream is designed to soothe dryness, itching, redness of the skin and skin rash. This cream contains 21 natural component, namely plant extracts, essential oils and minerals from the Dead Sea. The uniqueness of this cream is a high active ingredient concentration (about 39% .. or 40,000 mg / 100g).
- PsoEasy Mild natural oil eliminates dryness, itching, redness of the skin and scaly skin. The natural oil gives the skin enough moisture and contains sanddorn oil, marigold oil, rosemary oil, tea tree oil and many other essential oils. Be careful! Oil can leave fat stains on the clothes.-
Usage directions: clean your skin every day with PsoEasy soap and let it dry out. Then apply PsoEasy Active Cream to the affected skin areas. The cure lasts 14 days. The cream can also be used twice or more. Before going to bed doctors recomment to apply a few drops of PsoEasy oil. The natural oil is used within 2 weeks.
Memo to the patient (Prevention)
Complete or almost complete recovery is quite possible with different forms of eczema but it is often hard to cure the disease completely, although it is possible to reduce manifestations and prolong periods without exacerbations.
Treatment for eczema requires an integrated approach, which includes both the correction of nutrition, and changes of the lifestyle.
1. A patient should avoid excessive sweating, which irritates the skin. Therefore it should not be too hot and dry in the apartment and at work. The optimal temperature should not be higher than + 23 ° C and relative humidity of at least 60%.
2. The environment should be well ventilated, it is necessary to eliminate sources of possible accumulation of dust in the house.
3. There shouldn“t be much soft furniture, carpets, soft toys in the apartment and it“s recommended to keep no computer and TV-box in the bedroom.
4. It is not advisable to use feather and fluff pillows and blankets, it is better to replace them with synthetic ones.
5. Books should be stored in glazed bookcases.
6. Wet cleaning of the premises should be conducted on a daily basis. In a especially careful way it is necessary to clean rooms that are easily affected by mold (showers, basements), and wipe dry damp surfaces in the bathroom, especially after taking a shower.
7. It is better to dry wet clothes outside the living room, so as not to create conditions of high humidity that is favorable for the spreading of fungi and molds.
8. If possible, it is necessary to reduce or exclude the use of various irritant substances in the apartment: washing powders, synthetic detergents, solvents, varnishes, paints. When cleaning the room, it is better to use rubber gloves made of cotton.
9. Wash clothes thoroughly with special hypoallergenic liquid preparations, diligently rinse clothes items, especially underwear.
10. Smoking in the apartment must be categorically excluded.
11. Patients suffering from chronic forms of allergic skin diseases are advised to seal the windows tightly and reduce walks during the flowering period.
12. Contact with plants producing pollen should be minimized.
13. It is highly forbidden to keep pets, fish and birds in the house since wool, feathers, dandruff and dry food for aquarium fish are potential allergens inhaled by patients.
14. It“s not recommended for patients to wear clothes made of wool or other coarse fibers, soft hygroscopic cotton fabrics of light shades are preferred since they do not contain dyes.
15. In addition, it is necessary to limit physical and psychoemotional loads as a factor contributing to perspiration and itching.
16. It is also necessary to exclude stressful factors and correct the work schedule and rest.
17. An obligatory treatment for severe eczema condition is full rest, sufficient sleep and a calm emotional state of the patient.
An eczema diet is necessary in the course of treatment for eczema and for prevention since there are a number of studies proving the direct involvement of the digestive system in triggering this disease.
According to many modern physicians, the constant irritation of the stomach and intestines affects the health of the skin, so a patient suffering from eczema must reduce the consumption of fried, spicy, smoked and spicy foods as well as the foods high in protein (including egg), canned food, sausages, chocolate, coffee and, of course, alcohol. Otherwise, your treatment for eczema will go in vain
Patients with eczema mention that after switching to a vegetable and dairy products diet (cereals, vegetables, fruits, greens, cottage cheese, milk, cream), there is a significant weakening of the symptoms of the disease.
Patients have to completely exclude:
- spicy food;
- smoked food;
- canned foods, pickles;
It's necessary to reduce to the maximum extent the consumption of the following products:
- citrus fruit;
- sweets and bakery products;
During exacerbations periods it is best to consume:
- porridge (buckwheat, oatmeal on water);
- fermented milk products (curds, kefir)
- bland vegetable soups, broth soups.
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