The term "seborrhea" in Latin literally means "salotherapy", that is, excessive sebum secretion.
So, what is seborrhea? Seborrhea is a change in the secretory function of the sebaceous glands and the chemical composition of the secret produced by them. Sebaceous glands disorder that leads to the development of seborrhea is a pathological condition, most often caused by hormonal imbalance. When skin fats discretion is disturbed, the bactericidal properties of the sebaceous secret are suppressed.
This disease is widespread among adults and adolescents and it presents a serious aesthetic, psychological and medical problem, and is characterized by a chronic course with frequent relapses. If there’s no seborrhea treatment, the disease can be complicated by acne, seborrheic dermatitis and seborrheic eczema.
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The question "What is seborrhea?" follows "What are seborrhea symptoms?" The clinical picture varies depending on the form of the disease. In the classical course of the disease, dry and then greasy seborrhea of the scalp on the occipital part of the head and up to the border of hair growth first arise. If there is no seborrhea treatment then smooth skin is affected.
- dry and tight skin, sometimes covered with small cracks;
- itching on the affected areas, especially after washing;
- small, dry and plentiful dandruff, which resemble oat flakes;
- peeling of smooth skin (on the face, shoulders, back of the neck) T- thin, brittle and dull hair with split ends;
- seborheids reddish specks on the affected skin.
Oleosa (oily) seborrhea
- oily, thickened skin;
- enlarged, sometimes gaping pores and gums;
- Acne (on smooth skin);
- skin itching;
- dandruff in the form of stuck white and yellow flakes of different sizes;
- greasy hair;
- dense or liquid secret on the surface of seborrheic zones;
- sebaceous glands inflammation which emerges due to the their ducts blockage with clots of skin secretion and infection (scratching it with your hands, etc.);
- hair loss (with prolonged flow).
The symptoms of dry and fatty form of the disease emerge at the same time: the scalp becomes dry and flaky, the hair is thin and brittle, while the face, neck, upper back and chest are very greasy, shiny, with inflammatory elements.
Studies showed that the cause of dandruff and seborrhea of the scalp are the fungal microorganisms called Pityrosporum ovale. These are representatives of the biocenosis, which are present on the skin of the head of each person. Normally, they make up around 30-40% of the microflora of the skin of the head. Such fungi-parasites feed on the secretion of sebaceous glands, throughout all life of a person. However, if the protective function of the skin is impaired due to adverse effects on the body, pathogenic organisms (fungi) actively reproduce and damage the skin. There are a number of factors that provoke destructive changes in the body and cause seborrhea:
Internal causes of seborrhea:
External causes of seborrhea:
Seborrhea is divided into three types according to the symptomatology of the disease: oleosa (oily), dry and a seborrhea of mixed type.
The seborrhea of this type, as a rule, occurs in young women. Often, the disease occurs together with a vegetative neurosis. Vegetoneurosis characterizes a group of diseases that arise as a result of dysfunction of the centers of the vegetative system of the body. Since this system takes a direct part in metabolic processes, the diseases caused by the violation of its functions are associated with the development of seborrhea. Sebum secretion becomes more pronounced in adolescence, as it is associated with a period of puberty. Due to the disease, its secretion intensifies, unevenly on the affected areas of the skin, in particular, there appears seborrhea on the face and seborrhea on the head. This causes excessive shine of the skin and the appearance of a papulopustular rash. Since among adolescents and young people, oily seborrhea of mild form is very common, it is considered to be the norm at this age. In medicine, it is called - physiological seborrhea.
In contrast to the oleosa type of disease, dry seborrhea is a disease, which occurs due to inadequate secretion of sebaceous glands. This process is accompanied by a decrease in the cycle of renewal of skin cells with help of the natural peeling. As a result, there can appear an excessive dryness of the scalp, a large amount of dandruff, a violation of the structure of the hair and even its loss. Like psoriasis on the head, most often, the dry seborrhea is an ailment that manifests itself after emotional and physical overstrain, stress and inadequate nutrition. After all, all these factors contribute to a decrease in immunity, which triggers the onset of the disease.
This type of disease includes the symptomatology of both previous ones. Thus, mixed seborrhea is a type of disease that can include symptoms of dry and oleosa seborrhea on affected areas of the skin.
Sebaceous glands are glands of external secretion and are localized on the skin of a person. Despite the fact that everyone has them, a large number of glands in childhood is in a passive state. Their functions are fully launched during adolescence and the period of puberty. With age, the activity and number of such glands decreases, especially in elderly people. The functionality of the sebaceous glands is to create protection for the skin and hair from external factors and drying out. The products of secretion are manifested by sebum and cover the skin with a thin protective layer. If for certain reasons, such glands of external secretion begin to produce an excess amount of sebum, the composition of which differs from the norm, it provokes an increase in the acid-base level of the skin. Such changes in the skin provide a favorable environment for the activation and development of bacteria and, as a consequence, the occurrence of infection. Observing the hypofunctionality of the sebaceous glands, you can identify excessive dryness and thinning of the skin. As a result of such changes, the protective properties of the skin also decrease.
Clinical manifestations of seborrheic dermatitis differ depending on the affected area. Very often this skin disease affects the scalp. In this case, seborrhea is easily recognized by white scales (dandruff) and itching. The most common areas of localization of erythematous-squamous foci of lesions of seborrheic dermatitis on the face are: nose, nasolabial folds, eyebrows and superciliary arches, the area above the lip and cheekbones.
As for other parts of the body, the disease manifests itself as a vertical line between the breasts (thorax) or lesions on the back (interblade area). In addition, seborrheic dermatitis can affect the fold of the groin, the pubic region and the areas of the armpits. An itching associated with the damage to certain parts of the body can be particularly irritating with a burning feeling.
Seborrhea (seborrheic dermatitis) affects both adults and children. When it comes to babies, we will most often talk about seborrheic crusts on the vertex, eyebrows and other skin areas. This disease occurs in infants aged 2 weeks to 12 months, and later, in adolescence and adulthood. Men are more likely to suffer from seborrhea than women.
Since this complex of symptoms may accompany a number of diseases, it is necessary to exclude their possibility during examination. Before the appointment of the main seborrhea treatment a patient must pass through narrow specialists:
- a dermatologist;
- a endocrinologist;
- a neuropathologist;
- an andrologist (male) and a gynecologist (woman), and get the appropriate appointment after the pathology of a particular organ has been detected.
Seborrhea treatment on sclap has an integrated approach and for many patients it becomes a lifelong lifestyle along with the recommendations that must be followed constantly to avoid exacerbations.
Seborrhea treatment with folk methods
Let's list some ways of treating face and seborrhea:
Juice and pulp of aloe - leaves of this plant have a powerful antibacterial effect. Creams and ointments with aloe vera are produced using the leaves as the foundation. The effectiveness of aloe seborrhea treatment was confirmed by medical research - 62% of patients had their condition improved as the area of the lesions was decreased, the itching, the amount of dandruff decreased. Treatment of oily scalp seborrhea includes masks with aloe pulp. Treatment of the face and shoulders skin seborrhea includes the juice from aloe leaves
Tea tree oil is another natural antiseptic that has no side effects. In its pure form, oil has burning properties. This is why it’s added in shampoos, creams and lotions composition for seborrhea treatment.
Sea or table salt is the most famous and popular natural antiseptic. Salt is disinfected with water in public pools (analogous to chlorine seborrhea treatment), it’s also used for relieving infected wounds. To treat seborrhea use daily salt baths.
For rinsing hair with seborrhea, use apple cider vinegar which also contributed to effective seborrhea treatment. It normalizes the microflora of the scalp and limits the manifestation of infection (fungi, bacteria).
Mustard masks are used for scalp with seborrhea (not for long, up to 15 minutes, without honey, sugar and other sweeteners which is often added to the mask to enhance the burning effect).
Honey is used to treat (lubricate) the problem areas of the skin.
The herbal decoctions are used for drinking, rubbing your skin and taking common baths: chamomile, sage, string, nettle, burdock, St. John's wort which make great seborrhea treatment. Decoction of the oak bark, alcohol tincture of walnut peel are also in need for the outdoor use.
Treatment of scalp seborrhea is accompanied by UV-irradiation (in a solarium or in the sun). Sun rays neutralize pathological microorganisms and purify the skin.
Antifungal drugs are also used. They are used topically as lotions, ointments, balms, shampoos.
PsoEasy natural seborrhea treatment
PsoEasy company offers natural seborrhea treatment the perfect answer for: "What is seborrhea?" To achieve a superior effect, you should use three natural products of the PsoEasy series - soap, cream and oil.
PsoEasy shampoo cleans scalp and helps to eliminate seborrhea symptoms. This natural remedy has an antibacterial effect. The shampoo contains extracts of plants and minerals of the Dead Sea.
PsoEasy Lotion is recommended as an additional seborrhea treatment. It contains natural herbal and essential oils namely geranium oil, eucalyptus oil, lavender oil, rosemary oil, vitamins B and E, and the Dead Sea minerals. This product for seborrhea treatment softens scalp and prevents the formation of new patches, eliminates itching and strengthens hair. The lotion facilitates the penetration of active components into the dermis and provides a better therapeutic effect to cure seborrhea.
PsoEasy soap contains natural ingredients that accelerate the renewal of Zelln's skin which is very effective in seborrhea treatment. This special handmade soap is made using traditional methods that are based on a drying process of three weeks that the effectiveness of the active ingredients is increased.
PsoEasy active cream to relieve dryness, itching, redness and heal the skin. This cream contains 21 natural ingredients, namely plant extracts, essential oils and minerals of the Dead Sea. The uniqueness of this cream is a high concentration of the active ingredient (about 39% .. or 40,000 mg / 100 g).
PsoEasy oil is a mild natural oil aimed at eliminating dryness, itching, redness and flaking of the skin. Natural oil provides the skin with enough moisture and contains sea-buckthorn oil, calendula oil, rosemary oil, tea tree oil and many other essential oils. Be careful! Oil can leave greasy stains on clothes.
Usage: wash your hands with PsoEasy soap every day in the morning and let it dry out your skin. Then apply PsoEasy active cream to the affected areas. PsoEasy seborrhea treatment should be followed unceasingly for 14 days. The cream can be used twice or more. Before going to bed, it is recommended to put a few drops of PsoEasy oil on your skin. The oil should be used for 2 weeks.
Memo to the patient (Prevention)
Seborrhea treatment requires an integrated approach, which includes both the correction of nutrition and lifestyle changes.
How to treat seborrhea with lifestyle changes:
it is recommended that all people with any form of the disease abstain from sweet, salty, fatty, spicy, smoked and fried foods. The ration is enriched with products rich in B vitamins, zinc, fiber (vegetables, greens, whole grains), low-fat fermented milk.
brewer's yeast is recommended. It is necessary to quit such bad habits and smoking binge drinking alcohol.
it is necessary to avoid stressful situations and exclude small worries.
to reach emotional balance, it is recommended to have self-training as well as frequent walks in the forest area, changing the surroundings, etc.
contrast temperatures and sudden changes in climatic conditions should be avoided.
sun baths are useful for patients with seborrhea but in moderate amount.
women should abstain from drying their hair, dyeing it, perming it.
in case of smooth skin damaging, you should use special care cosmetics for oily or combination skin.
you need to stop using tonics and lotions containing alcohol which on the one hand, remove greasy shine but, on the other hand, tighten and dry out the surface of the pores, leading to an even greater activation of the sebaceous glands which produce more sebum to moisturize the skin.
Surprisingly, it only takes following these recommendations to provide if not life-long but long enough remission of scalp and skin seborrhea and live a normal life without painful symptoms as well as stop constant looking for seborrhea treatment.
Scalp seborrhea requires a special shampoo which can be mono- or polycomponent and includes a number of components:
- antifungal (ketokonasole and other) that produce an annihilating effect on fungi;
- antibacterial (zinc pirithon, octopryrox) that hampers pathogen flora development
- peeling (сера, salicid acid),
- cleansing the skin surface of dandruff;
- vegetable ( birch tar, calendule, camomile, oak bark, argimony), improving the hair structure and strengthening its roots.
It is a generally accepted fact that seborrhea is likely to be observed in those fancy eating fried, fatty and sweet food which hampers the effect seborrhea treatment produces. Even if the the nutrition is not the cause of the sebaceous glands irregular activity, the right diet helps to improve the condition.
However, hormonal disorders are triggered by overeating, improper taste habits (eating too high-calorie foods without sufficient raw fruits and vegetables).
Under such conditions, the diet becomes the basis of seborrhea treatment, and gives a persistent therapeutic effect.
Complications and repercussions of seborrhea
If there's incorrect and late seborrhea treatment, the disease can significantly affect the conditionof your skin. Complications can be manifested in different ways, the nature of the symptomatology depends on the age of the patient. So, the repercussions of seborrhea that affected a patient in their puberty can stay with the patient for his or her whole life. Any violations of the hormonal background lead to disease exacerbation which is accompanied by the expansion of the pores, the appearance of black spots and teenage acne.
During the maturity period, the patient continues to develop acne vulgaris, and there’s a great possibility of seborrheic eczema. Secondary bacterial skin infections can accompany seborrhea: folliculitis, furuncles, pyoderma. The metabolism slows down at this age, the ability of tissues to recover is reduced, all this can result in inflamed pores getting scarred. As a result, so-called “craters” appear on your skin . They look like recesses, have a reddish shade and turn pale with time. The surface ofyour skin gets smooth very slowly, it remains bumpy and greasy for a long time. With no seborrhea treatment, this disease can spread to smooth skin.
For the elderly, the effects of seborrheic dermatitis are manifested through the formation of a large number of papillomas.
What you can eat if you have seborrhea:
Let's list the products that are not recommended for seborrhea treatment: