First psoriasis symptoms
1. The skin layer has purple-pink rash in the form of small pimples, so-called papules.
2. The size of the affected areas can grow and rash can spread to other parts of the body.
3. Skin rash triggered by psoriasis may emerge on any part of a human's body icluding scalp (scalp psoriasis) and even on the genitalia but most often it localizes on the elbow folds and under knee cups.
4. Red spots that were formed earlier (papules) grow bigger, thicker, their layer gets rough and they start flaking.
5. As a rule, rash and flaking are accompanied by strong itching and burning.
6. Psoriasis on nails causes color change and their lamination.
7. If psoriasis localizes on the soles or palms, there can be blisters on them.
How does psoriasis manifest itself for the first time?
Psoriasis is an incurable infectious disease. To date, there hasn't been found the cure for it. However, if a patient starts an appropriate psoriasis treatment at an early stage after noticing first psoriasis symptoms and follows the doctor's recommendations, it's possible to effectively control psoriasis as well as psoriasis on hands considered one of the most difficult loations to treat. Basically, first psoriasis symptoms are manifested in a very acute form, especially those of psoriasis on face. Red and pink spots begin to appear on certain areas of the skin layer or on several areas at the same time. At first they are very small and don't even have clear lines shaping them. Psoriatic lesions most often are round. The distinctive feature of such lesions are white-gray flakes on their surface. A slight swelling on the rash areas is possible at initial stage. This happens after an inflammatory process taking place on the affected epidermis areas. Depending on the disease development, the spots can grow in size and interconnect. This depends on the type of psoriasis. One of the most typical psoriasis symptoms is the emergence of psoriatic plaques.
What are the characteristics of psoriatic plaques?
As a rule, they are dry pink or purple spots. They are localized above the skin layer level. A psoriatic plaque is formed with papules that merged into each other. A typical feature of plaque is a silvery-white flaking crust. Psoriatic plaques are characterized with stearin spot phenomenon. It implies forming a few layers of white-gray flakes that can be easily flaked off. The second sign of psoriatic lesion is terminal or psoriartic film that emerges as a result of taking off of all the flakes layers. This thin film covers all the affected skin area and separates the papule from the formed crust. If the wholeness of the terminal film us affected (as a consequence of scratching or rubbing the plaques), then it's possible to see tiny blood dots appearing on the papule surface. This process typical for psoriatic plaques is called a punctate bleeding spots sign Auspitz sign. All th signs mentioned above consitute a psoriatic triode and are important clinical symptoms that indicate psoriasis.
The process of psoriatic plaques formation
In people who suffer from psoriasis, the regenerative processes of the skin occur much faster than normal. Hence, a great need for proper psoriasis treatment. Since the epidermal cells grow very intensively on the skin, condensations appear. They are pink or red and after the formation of crusts they have white-gray shade. It should be noted that in a healthy person the process of skin cell regeneration occurs about once every four weeks. New cells gradually develop and replace the old ones. If this is a patient with psoriasis, this process is much faster, namely in a few days. The upper sphere of the epidermis does not have time to die off in such a short period of time. Thus, new layers and formation of psoriatic plaques on the skin appear. They are urgent psoriasis symptoms. The size of such pathological formations can be different. At the initial stage, the lesions are small. Places of plaques localization are scalp (scalp psoriasis), elbows, knees, hands (psoriasis on hands) and feet, in some cases - the entire body. As a rule, psoriasis manifests itself in young and mature people. However, the disease can occur in children and adolescents.
What are the first symptoms of psoriasis in children?
Each parent cares about the health of their children. Therefore, many of them are interested in what symptoms of psoriasis in children are there and how it can manifest itself. One of the first symptoms of psoriasis are pinkish spots on the skin. The disease often manifests itself in the same way as in adults so the treatment for psoriasis as well as psoriasis on face is similar. Sometimes psoriasis in small children is confused with diarrhea. Unfortunately, such adiagnosis is wrong since this autoimmune disease appears due to a violation of metabolic processes in the organizm. Therefore, as soon as your kid starts developing first symptoms, you should consult a doctor. At first, the area of lesions of psoriatic spots is small, and then the formation of plaques occurs and the disease begins to develop as it does in adults. Psoriasis in children can occur due to transmitted viral and infectious diseases. At this time a baby's body is weak. First, small purple spots appear on the skin surface. Such rash may be accompanied by an increase in body temperature and general weakness. There are many dermatological diseases in children that have similar signs to the symptoms of psoriasis like rashes and fever. After noticing such signs you should immediately contact a doctor. This will help to establish the correct diagnosis and prescribe the right treatment. If no therapy is prescribed, the disease can progress. Thus, small dots on a child's body can merge, increasing in volume. Large-scale lesions on the body cause strong discomfort, itching, burning and painful feelings. In especially severe cases, if psoriasis manifests itself on the scalp in children, there is a risk of a nervous breakdown and a depressive condition. Over 55% of children who suffer from these autoimmune diseases have guttate psoriasis. According to the researches outcomes, in 80% of cases this type of disease occurs due to staphylococcal infection. Places of localization of papules are on the torso, arms and legs. The diameter of such lesions is 9-10 mm. If a child has larger areas of affected skin, it can be assumed that the disease is developing. In very rare cases, children suffer from congenital psoriasis. Symptoms of psoriasis of this type appear right after birth. Typcial psoriasis symptoms are expressed in a large quantity. If a child has congenital psoriasis, immediate doctor's help is needed. The doctor will be able to conduct a differential diagnosis and confirm or deny the fact of the disease. After all, psoriasis can often be confused with dermatitis, ichthyosis or candidiasis.