Psoriasis is a chronic non-infectious disease, that first of all affects the skin. Usually, psoriasis causes the formation of excessively dry, red, raised spots on the skin surface. However, some patients with psoriasis have no visible lesions. Spots induced by psoriasis are called psoriatic plaques.
Psoriatic plaques often first appear on the areas exposed to friction and pressure – elbow surfaces and knee bends, on the buttocks. However, psoriatic lesions can occur and can be placed anywhere on the skin, including the scalp, the palmar surface of the hands, the plantar surface of the foot, the external genitalia. Contrary to the rash in eczema, often damaging the inner flexural of the knee and elbow joints. Psoriatic plaques are usually located on the outside, the extensor surfaces of the joints.
The essence of psoriasis is that the patient's skin cells begin to mature and, consequently, die off more quickly than it happens in the organism of a healthy person. Thus, a normal cells maturation cycle of the superficial skin areas is between 24 to 28 days, in psoriasis, this time, is reduced to 4-5 days. Changes of skin condition are usually accompanied by disturbances of calcium metabolism in the body. In particular, patients with psoriasis are observed with a decrease of vitamin D.
Psoriasis is a chronic disease characterized by generally undulating course, with periods of spontaneous or caused by various medical effects of remission or improvement and periods of spontaneous or provoked by adverse external factors (alcohol, intercurrent infections, stress) of recurrence or relapse. It happens extremely rare when people can achieve a complete cure. Therefore, the goal of psoriasis therapy is to achieve the best possible effect for the individual patient. Body psoriasis treatment, for instance, requires various medications which are very specific and, threfore, can't be prescribed to every patient having this disease. The degree of severity of the disease may vary depending on patients and even the same patient during the periods of remission and exacerbation in very wide ranges, from small local lesions to fully cover the entire body by psoriatic plaques. It often observes a tendency to the progression of the disease over time (especially if people are not on treatment), to weighting and frequent exacerbations, increasing the area of injury and the involvement of new skin areas. Some patients have a continuous course of the disease without spontaneous remission or even a continuous progression.
Psoriasis can manifest itself in many forms. It`s variants include psoriasis vulgaris (easy, normal) or, otherwise, plaque psoriasis, pustular psoriasis, guttate psoriasis, flexural psoriasis.
There is no univocal answer if the disease is contagious but the most physicians are inclined to think that the disease is transmitted only by inheritance and can occur infectious, viral and other ways. Is psoriasis of the scalp and other skin covering including damage of deep tissue contagious? No. Psoriasis, which transmission paths are limited to genetic factors, is not passed:
- Sexual intercourse.
- With saliva and because of the use of the same dishes, towels and other household items.
- After shaking hands and close skin contact.
Psoriasis is a serious and severe disease. However, using modern PsoEasy products for psoriasis treatment, psoriasis development can be slowed down and expanded for many years, when the disease absolutely disappears and even the slightest discomfort can not be felt.
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